A machine to fill beer into a container is a device that fills the container with a beer in a predetermined quantity. It is the main component of the line of production. Its performance impacts the beer’s production quality and the company’s profit. Today, most Wine Filling Machine have a “rotating” design. This means that the packaging container constantly rotates, along with the valve for filling. The filling process is carried out simultaneously. The basic construction of the filling device is made up of five elements:
The path for fluid between valves can be switched in order. It is based on the specifications in the process of filling. It is the most important determining whether the machine will function properly and effectively. It is among the most important elements that determine the technical capabilities that the machine fills.
Comparison Of Filling Valve Structure And Working Principle
The electronic and mechanical filling valves all use the principle of isobaric filling. The flow of filling is the same. It is evident from (Fig. 1) that the primary differences are as follows:
- The electronic filling valve performs the role of a steam sterilization wine valve.
- If filling the valve, you must close it to let it inflate and equalize pressure. Then, you need to open the valve for the liquid to return to the air. The mechanical valve performs this task by relying upon the mechanism used by the dial to raise the stem of the valve’s fork. The electronic valve depends on the control of electrical power to the piston’s movement. This is safe and reliable.
The method of achieving equal pressure filling differs
The mechanical filling valve
It enables the connection of the respective chambers by controlling the press on the guide bar following the time sequence
Electronic filling valve:
Connect the chamber to the switch on the valve for the pneumatic diaphragm. The smooth movement is guaranteed and accuracy.
- Different vacuuming methods:
Mechanical Filling Valve
Include a control valve in the vacuum channel and add an air pressure block on the centering ring. If a bottle lifts the ring of centering and its pressing block is pressed, it presses the stem of the control valve. After that, you can open the valve to allow the bottle to be vacuumed.
However, it cannot be vacuumed and therefore cannot decrease the workload on the pump.
Electronic filling valve
The eye of the electric sensor detects the presence of the electric eye to determine the diaphragm’s control valve switch. Then, it will perform it is a vacuum operation.
- Different cleaning conveniences:
Mechanical Filling Valve
The whole valve is set inside the cylinder for filling, which means it is submerged in the material and is difficult to clean. It will also cause an impact of stirring the material while in operation. This can be detrimental to filling. In addition, the spring can cause the beer to be contaminated by microbial organisms. There are clear areas for cleaning, and sanitation conditions are not ideal;
A filling valve that is electronic
It’s built using Steam cleaning as well as centering equipment. It will ensure that the oxygen and harmful bacteria content to meet the requirements for beer storage. Additionally, you can overcome the weaknesses of a mechanical valve spring encased in wine. It is simple to clean and keeps the wine from getting contaminated. It is the ideal valve to fill the aseptic filling of draft beer.
Comparison Of Filling Machine Supporting Bottle Structure And Working Principle
With an additional feeding screw, The bottles are then delivered to the table for filling. Each of these steps will adhere to the necessary states, spacing, and speed. Additionally, the mechanism for holding bottles will be raised. This will ensure that the mouth of the bottle and the head of the filling are close to each other to fill. When the filling process is complete, it is lowered and reset. The location that the valve fills is in place, however, the bottle holder moves up and down. The bottle-holding mechanisms come in three forms of structural design:
The combination of pneumatic and mechanical bottle holding mechanisms operates smoothly and is highly reliable. Air is freely circulated within the loop pipe. It is only required to augment leakage, which is why it is extensively used. It utilizes compressed air to provide an energy source. It can absorb shock and has a good buffering capacity. It’s not simple to cause damage to the bottle if it is damaged. However, the rate of the piston is affected by changes in the pressure of air. If the pressure drop is low, not just the speed of rising in the bottle will slow down. It is also challenging to keep tight contact between the mouth of the bottle and the head of the filling. It is very easy to lead to wine leakage and foaming when the wine may not be full. If the pressure increases dramatically, then the rate of the wine will accelerate. It isn’t straightforward to align with the pipe used to inlet liquid. In addition, when the bottle is exposed to an enormous force when it hits, It is also very easy to create alcohol. The pressure of the cylinder holding the bottle is in a specific relationship to the pressure at which the bottle is filled. In general, if your filling pressure ranges from 2.0-4.0bar, the pressure on the bottle holding cylinder ranges from 2.5-3.0bar.
In figure 2, the mechanical valve uses an alternating centering lifting mechanism. In the entire process of filling the bottle, the wine valve can be positioned or disengaged as needed. The wine machine maintains the size that the valve for wine is unaffected. This is accomplished by lifting the wine bottle using a cylinder for lifting. When the lifting cylinder turns around the central tower, the cam’s profile shifts in the height direction. The roller is forced to lift the lifting cylinder while allowing the cylinder outside to fall. This way, the bottles, after filling the wine, drop down. Unlock the filling valve above.
The electronic valve uses an eccentric mixed bottle holder and a bottle mechanism. Utilize the pneumatic mechanism to keep the bottle evenly and with the self-buffering feature. In addition, it makes use of the function. The cam’s descending mechanism is more effective in achieving an even movement control. The lifting motion from the bottle holders is rapid and efficient.
Maintenance Of Filling Machine
The machine that fills beer is one of the most complicated operational processes in production. It influences the quality and quantity of the beer produced. The machine for filling beer is designed to operate in an acidic, humid, difficult atmosphere. It is used in the hot summer months. Lubricating oils and grease must be put in the correct areas per the rules. It is important to ensure ventilation and drainage in the workshop. When the work is finished, it is time to clean. The equipment needs to be cleaned. The protective cover of the device must be put on. Make sure to protect the transmission mechanism, and be mindful of the safety of your personnel.
Repair and replacement of filling equipment, as well as maintenance, which includes
- And update,
The aim is to ensure that the equipment achieves the top quality of technology. And achieve the best operating efficiency. To ensure the most efficient and efficient operation capabilities. Increase the economic value.
Filling machine troubleshooting method
There are two methods to determine the problem with the equipment for filling.
- Method of intuition:
Maintenance workers can often pinpoint the problem to a particular fault by looking at the unusual phenomenon.
Like the sound, light, and smell in the event of a fault;
- Self-diagnosis function:
Even though it isn’t at the required level of intelligence, the filler has an excellent self-diagnosis feature. It can monitor the operating conditions of the electrical and mechanical components at any point. If an alarm is set off for abnormality causes an alarm, the exact reason will be displayed on display. We can determine the exact where the fault is located.
When a malfunction occurs, we shouldn’t be quick to address the issue immediately. We should continue to conduct tests and observations.
- Examine the scene of the accident:
On the other hand, look into the operator and inquire for details on the entire procedure of the failure. Review the failure report. To understand what went wrong and the steps we need to adopt.
However, it is essential to take a comprehensive examination of the scene. From the outside to the inside, you must look for irregularities.
- Determine the reason for the failure:
If self-diagnosis does not identify the root source, we need to identify the electrical, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic etc. .
Comprehensive judgment and screening. After that, the objective of diagnosing and troubleshooting can be accomplished through tests and tests.
Keep to prevention
Create specific annual and monthly maintenance budgets. Enhance the planned preventive maintenance of equipment. Make use of equipment classification as the foundation. Set up preventive maintenance based on regular inspections and maintenance. Establish standards for the integrity of equipment and maintenance programs. If parts have a history of frequent failures, upgrade and correct the reason for the issue. Reduce the chance of repeating similar failures. Determine the most important factors that impact your equipment’s quality. Take steps to minimize or eliminate quality issues when developing.
Focus your limited maintenance resources on crucial equipment. This will help to determine the various importance of the equipment. Also, take different countermeasures for maintenance and actions. Establish a hierarchical system of management. It will not only reduce costs but also meet the demands of normal production. Reduce the integrity rate of general machinery and equipment into specific equipment. Convert the integrity rate to the efficiency of production.
Maintenance records for equipment and analysis form a PDCA Cycle.
Develop a complete shift record system. Monthly and annual maintenance items. The maintenance team held regular maintenance troubleshooting overviews and work sessions for improvement. The items recorded must be accurate. Ensure that the recording is precise, complete, and easy to understand. Also, ensure that the personnel involved completing the content in a correct